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    初一英語|期中要想考滿分,掌握這些足夠啦(外研版)

    吉米教育2021-01-28 08:46:51

    各地期中考試正在陸續進行中。吉米老師將之前外研版前六個單元的常考知識點總結在一起,方便大家歸納復習,預祝期中取得好成績,加油!!!



    Module1?Lost and found 知識點歸納


    1

    知識點一:重點短語


    1. lost and found?失物招領

    2. welcome back to school 歡迎回校

    3. first of all 首先

    4. a lot of=lots of 許多

    5. look at 看

    6. from now on 從現在開始

    7. be careful with sth 小心對待某物?

    8. talk to sb 與某人交談

    9. look for 尋找

    10. get on the bus 上公交車

    11. in a hurry 匆忙地

    12. hundreds of 成百的

    13. leave sth + 地點 把某物留在某地

    14. every day 每天

    15. at the moment 在此刻

    16. such as 例如

    17. help sb. to do sth 幫助某人做某事

    18. many other things 許多其他東西


    2

    知識點:重點句


    1. Welcome back to school, everyone.歡迎大家回到學校。

    2. Please be careful with your things from now on.從現在開始請仔細看管你的東西。

    3.Whose gloves are they?它們是誰的手套?

    4. People often lose things when they’re traveling or when they’re in a hurry. They leave things on planes, on trains, on buses and in taxis. 人們旅行或匆忙時經常丟東西。他們把東西落在飛機上、火車上、公交車上或出租車里。

    5. That’s why there are lost and found office at airports and stations. 那就是為何在飛機場和車站設有失物招領處的原因。


    3

    知識點三:重點詞語解釋


    1.?Welcome?back to school, everyone.?歡迎大家回到學校。

    v. 歡迎

    welcome to school 歡迎來到學校

    welcome home 歡迎回家

    Welcome back!歡迎回來

    adj. 受歡迎的。

    例如:He is a kind boy, so he is welcome.

    他是個和藹的男孩,所以他很受歡迎。


    2. Please?be careful with?your things?from now on.?從現在開始仔細看管你的東西。

    1)be?careful?with?小心對待

    例如:Be careful with your baby when you are traveling. 當你旅行的時候,小心照顧好你的小孩。

    2)from now on 從現在開始 作為時間狀語,一般用在現在時和將來時態中。

    例如:He will work hard from now on. 從現在開始,他將努力工作。

    from then on 從那時開始 ?作為時間狀語 ??一般用在過去時態中

    例如:He lived alone from then on. 從那時起,他就獨自居住。


    3. People often lose things when they’re traveling or?when?they’re?in a hurry. 當人們在旅行或是很匆忙的時候,他們經常會丟東西。

    1) when 當…時候,用于引導時間狀語從句,表示主從句的動作同時發生。

    例如:We have lessons when it is September. 九月份的時候我們開學。

    2) in a hurry 匆忙地,做狀語。常用于句尾。

    “hurry”V. 匆忙。 例如:Hurry up 快點。

    He hurried to come into the room. = He came into the room in a hurry.他快速進入房間。


    4. They leave things on planes, on trains, on buses and in taxis. 他們把東西落在飛機上,火車上,公交車上和出租車上。

    1) leave 當“離開”講,leave A for B 離開 A 地動身前往 B 地。

    2) leave 當“落下”講。例如:I left my homework at home. 我把作業落在家 了。

    3) on planes “乘飛機”還有其他的說法。“by plane=take a plane=on a plane”


    5. That’s why there are lost and found office at airports and stations. 那就是為何在飛機場和車站設有失物招領處的原因。

    1)That’s why…是固定句型,后面引導表語從句

    例如:that’s why he is late for class. 那就是他為何遲到的原因。

    2) at airports 在飛機場。 airport 是小地點,常用介詞“at”


    4

    知識點語法點


    (一)特殊疑問詞引導的特殊疑問句


    1. whose 誰的

    例如:----Whose bag is this?

    ----This is Lily’s bag.


    ----Whose is this bag?

    ----This bag is Lily’s.


    2. ?who 誰(對主格和賓格提問)

    例如: Who runs fastest? 誰跑得最快?

    Who do you want to meet ? 你想遇到誰?


    3.when and where 對時間和地點提問,“何時何地”

    例如:When ?and where shall we meet? 我們何時何地見面?


    4.how long 時間多久

    例如:How long will you stay in Beijing? 你將在北京待多久?


    5.how far 距離多遠

    例如:How far is it from here? 距離這多遠?


    注意:----How far is it from here?

    ----It is a 5 minutes’s walk from here.


    6. ?how soon 多久之后,用于將來時,常有 in+ 時間段 作為時間狀語

    例如:----How soon will you be back?

    ----I will be back in 3 days


    7. ?how?often 表示動作的頻率

    例如:----How often do you take the medicine.

    ----I take the medicine 3 times a day.


    (二)名詞性物主代詞


    物主代詞分為形容詞性物主代詞和名詞性物主代詞兩種。


    形容詞性物主代詞放在名詞前作定語,相當于形容詞;名詞性物主代詞相當于“形容詞性物主代詞+名詞”,相當于名詞,可以作主語、表語或賓語。


    物主代詞形容詞性

    ??????數

    人稱

    單數

    復數

    第一人稱

    my?我的

    our?我們的

    第二人稱

    your?你的

    your?你們的

    第三人稱

    his?他的,her?她的,its?它的

    their?他們的

    物主代詞名詞性

    ??????數

    人稱

    單數

    復數

    第一人稱

    mine?我的

    ours?我們的

    第二人稱

    yours?你的

    yours?你們的

    第三人稱

    his?他的,hers?她的,its?它的

    theirs?他們的


    物主代詞的用法


    (1)形容詞性物主代詞放在名詞前作定語。例如:

    His?pencil box is on the desk.

    This is?our?school.


    (2)名詞性物主代詞作名詞,本身就相當于“形容詞性物主代詞+名詞”,因此,后面不可再加名詞。

    作主語:Richard’s school bag is blue and?mine?is black.?里查德的書包是藍色的,我的書包是黑色的。(mine=my school bag)

    作表語:It’s?his.?這是他的(東西)。

    作賓語:He borrows your dictionary and you may borrow?mine.?他借你的字典,你可以借我的。(作及物動詞的賓語)

    “of+名詞性物主代詞”可以放在名詞后作定語,表示強調:

    ? He is a friend of?mine.?他是我的一個朋友。


    注意:

    試比較下面兩個句子:

    This is a photo of mine.?這是我的一張照片。(照片是我擁有的,但不一定照的是我本人)

    This is a photo of me.?這是一張我本人的照片。(照片上是我本人)


    Module2 What Can You Do?


    知識點一:重點短語


    1. table tennis ? 乒乓球

    2. play the piano ? 彈鋼琴?

    3. play table tennis ? 打乒乓球?

    4. ride a bike ? 騎自行車?

    5. speak Chinese ? 說漢語?

    6. would like to do sth. ? 想要做某事?

    7. worry about ? 擔心?

    8. play football ? 踢足球?

    9. the Music Club ? 音樂俱樂部?

    10. get on well with sb. ? 與某人相處融洽?

    11. in the school team ? 在校隊

    12. work very hard ? 學習非常努力?

    13. be sure ? 確信的?

    14. be ready to do sth. ? 準備做某事?

    15. make our classroom beautiful ? 使我們的教室漂亮?

    16. be good at sth. ? 擅長做某事?

    17. fly a kite ? 放風箏 ?

    18. swim well ? ?游泳游的好?

    19.make a poster ? ?制作海報?


    知識點二:重點句型


    1. The new clubs for this term are on the board. 本學期新的俱樂部已經在布告板上.。?

    2. I’d like to join the Music Club. 我想加入音樂俱樂部。?

    3. Can you cook, Daming? ?大明,你會做飯嗎??

    4. I can cook eggs, but that’s all. 我會炒雞蛋,但是僅此而已。?

    5. Which club can she join? 她能加入哪個俱樂部??

    6. I think she’d like to join the Dancing Club because she can dance really well.?我認為他愿意加入舞蹈俱樂部因為她跳舞跳的真的很好。?

    7. How about you? 你呢??

    8. I can’t speak Chinese very well. 我說漢語說得不好。?

    9. Don’t worry about Chinese. 不要擔心漢語。?

    10. We can teach you Chinese! 我能教你漢語!?

    11. It’s the start of the new term and we’re choosing our new monitors.?現在是新學期的開端,我們正在選新的班干部。?

    12. I’d like to be the class monitor. 我想成為班長。?

    13. I get on well with everyone, classmates and teachers. 我與每個人,老師和同學們相處的好。?

    14. I’m kind and I’m always ready to help others.?我很友好并且我總是樂于幫助別人。?

    15. Choose me as your class monitor and I promise to help you! 選我做班長,我保證幫助你們!?

    16. I want to be the PE monitor. 我想成為體育委員。?

    17. I can run really fast. I’m really fit and healthy. 我能跑得很快。我真得很健康。?

    18. I usually get the best score in every match. 每次比賽我通常都得最高分。?

    19. Choose me for the PE monitor and you can get the best score too! 選我做體育委員,你們也能得最高分。?

    20. I often help my mother do cleaning at home. 我經常在家幫我媽媽打掃衛生。?

    21. I’m sure everybody would like a clean classroom, just like home. 我確信每個人都想要一個像家一樣干凈的教室。?

    22. Choose me and we can make our classroom beautiful. 選我吧,我們能使我們的教室變得漂亮。


    知識點重點單詞/短語解釋


    1. would like to do sth. 想要做某事


    eg:I?would like to?go there with you.

    我想跟你一起去那里。



    would like常縮寫為'd like,would沒有人稱和數的變化。


    eg:Mike would like some bananas.?邁克想要一些香蕉。

    We' d like to watch TV. 我們想看電視。

    I' d like Lingling to go with me. ?我想讓玲玲跟我去。


    2. join ?v. 參加,加入到……之中


    eg:Would you like to join the Football Club, Kate? 凱特,你想加入足球俱樂部嗎?



    3. play the piano 彈鋼琴


    當play后面跟西洋樂器名詞時,表示樂器的名詞前要加the;當play后面跟球類或棋類名詞時,其前不加任何冠詞。


    eg:She is good at playing the piano. 她擅長彈鋼琴。

    Jack' s hobby is to play chess. 杰克的愛好是下國際象棋。


    play the guitar ?彈吉他

    play the violin ?拉小提琴

    play the piano ?彈鋼琴

    play basketball ?打籃球

    play football ?打足球

    play tennis ?打網球


    4.?worry about 擔心,擔憂


    eg:Don’t worry about it. 不要擔心它。


    about為介詞,其后跟名詞或代詞。該短語常常見于祈使句中,用于安慰別人。


    eg:Don’t worry about my health,and I feel better now. ?別擔心我的健康,我現在感覺好些了。


    5. teach ?v. 教;講授


    eg:Mr Wang teaches English at No.1 Middle School. 王老師在第一中學教英語。


    teach的常用結構:

    teach sb. sth. ?教某人某事

    teach sb. to do sth. ?教某人做某事

    teach oneself=learn...by oneself ?自學


    eg:My mother teaches me Chinese. 我媽媽教我漢語。

    My sister teaches herself to swim. 我姐姐自學游泳。

    ??

    6. get on well with... ?與……相處融洽


    eg:He gets on well with his sister. 他跟他的妹妹相處得很好。


    get on with sb. 與某人相處,相當于get along with sb.


    eg:I’m getting along/on well with my friends.?How about you?我跟朋友們處得很好。你呢?


    表示“與……相處得好/不好”要用get on/along well/badly with sb.這里的well/badly是副詞。如果問相處得怎樣,則用how提問。


    eg:How do you get on/along with your classmates?你和你的同班同學相處得怎么樣?


    7. be ready to do sth.?樂于做某事;準備好做某事


    eg: He is ready to play football. ?他準備好去踢足球。


    辨析 get ready for與be ready for



    8. promise sb. sth.=promise sth. to sb. 承諾/保證某人某事


    promise (sb.) to do sth. ?承諾/保證(某人)做某事;

    promise sb. + that從句,承諾/答應……


    eg:She promised her son to write to him. ?

    = She promised her son that she would write to him. 她答應兒子將給他寫信。


    9. be good at后接名詞或動名詞作賓語。be good at相當于do well in, 其反義詞組為be weak in不擅長……


    eg:He is good at English.?= He does well in English. ?他擅長英語。

    I am weak in Chinese. ?我不擅長漢語。


    10. I often help my mother?do cleaning?at home. 我經常幫我媽媽在家打掃衛生。


    在英語中,常常在do后面加上動詞的-ing形式,表示“做某事”,例如:


    do some cleaning ?打掃衛生

    do some shopping ?買東西

    do some reading ?看書

    do some washing ?洗衣服


    知識點四語法歸納:情態動詞can


    如果你想表達自己能做某事,該怎么說呢?你可以說:


    I can speak English. ?我會說英語。

    I can dance. ?我會跳舞。

    I can play table tennis. ?我會打乒乓球。


    在表達“某人能做某事”時,一般可以用“can+動詞原形”的結構。如果表達“某人不能做某事”,可以在can后加not,成為cannot=can’t。


    can是情態動詞,沒有人稱和數的變化,否定形式都用cannot(can’t)。


    Daming can ride a bike. He can’t drive a car. 大明會騎自行車,不會開車。


    They can swim. They can’t dance. ?他們會游泳,不會跳舞。


    She can play football. She can’t play basketball. ?她會踢足球,不會打籃球。


    如果要詢問某人能不能做某事,則須將can提至句首,例如:


    ----Can you speak Chinese? ?你會說漢語嗎?

    ----Yes, I can./No, I can’t. ?是的,我會。/不,我不會。


    ----Can she swim? ?她會游泳嗎?

    ----Yes, she can./No, she can’t. ?是的,她會。/不,她不會。


    Module3 Making plans


    知識點一:重點短語


    1. have a picnic?去野餐?? ? ? ? ? ??

    2. check one’s email?查收某人的郵件

    3. go over?復習

    4. on Sunday morning?在周日上午

    5. see/watch a movie?看電影??????????????????

    6. in the park?在公園里

    7. have a piano lesson?上一節鋼琴課????????????

    8. make friends?交朋友

    9. enjoy myself 過得愉快

    10. go out with sb. 和某人外出

    11. take a walk=go for a walk?散步

    12. summer holiday?暑假

    13.?go on a summer camp?參加夏令營

    14. do some sightseeing?觀光

    15. look forward to sth 期待某物

    16. on the beach 在海灘上

    17. collect litter 收拾垃圾


    知識點二:重點句型


    1. What are you going to do at the weekend?=What are your plans for the weekend??你周末打算做什么?/你周末的計劃是什么?

    2. On Saturday morning, I’m going to check my email and do my homework.?在周六上午,我打算查看我的電子郵件并做作業。?

    3. Then I’m going to help with the housework.?然后我將幫忙做家務。?

    4. Who else is going to be there? ?還有誰去那里??

    5. She can’t come with us. ?她不能和我們一塊(去)。?

    6. Would you like to join us?? 你愿意加入我們嗎??

    7. Are we going to meet here?? 我們在這兒見面嗎??

    8. We are going to meet in the park at one o’clock.? 我們一點鐘在公園見面。?

    9. I’m going to stay at home alone. 我打算一個人在家呆著。?

    10. Don’t be silly! 別傻了!?

    11. It’s going to be a fantastic weekend!? 那將會是一個極好的周末!?

    12. I’m looking forward to the football match tomorrow.? 我正期待著明天的足球比賽。?

    13. We’re going to meet other fans, and make some new friends.? 我們將會遇到其他的球迷,并結交一些新朋友。?

    14. We’re all going to wear the team shirt.? 我們將會穿上我們隊的隊服。?

    15. We’re going to cheer the players.? 我們將會為球隊加油。?

    16. On the morning of 1st May, I’m going to get up late and then read a book.? 五月一日早晨我會晚點起床,然后看書。?

    17. In the afternoon I’m going out with my family and friends.? 下午我打算和家人、朋友一起外出。?

    18. It’s going to be a great holiday---busy but good fun!? 這將會是一個很棒的假期,忙碌而有趣!?

    19. Usually I spend the summer holiday at home, but this year is going to be very different because I’m going on a summer camp in Sydney, Australia.? 通常我都是在家過暑假,但是今年將完全不同,因為我將要參加一個在澳大利亞悉尼舉辦的夏令營。?

    20. We’re also going sightseeing and going to have a picnic on the beach.? 我們還要好好地游覽一番,并且在海灘上用餐。


    知識點重點單詞/短語用法


    1. on Saturday morning 在周六上午


    eg:I have a meeting on Saturday morning.

    在周六上午我有個會議。


    辨析on, in, at在表示時間時的區別:



    2. else??adj. 別的,其他的 ?adv. 另外,其他


    else作形容詞時一般用在不定代詞(something, anything, nobody, somebody等)或疑問代詞(who, what等)之后;作副詞時一般用在不定副詞(somewhere,anywhere等)或疑問副詞(where,how等)之后。


    eg:I’m going to take you somewhere else. 我將要帶你去別處。

    ????What else did he say?他還說了些什么?

    ????Where else did you go in the summer vacation?暑假你還去了哪兒?


    3. plan ?n. 計劃,打算


    eg:I have a plan for the summer. 這個夏天我有一個計劃。


    plan 為可數名詞。常用于短語 have/make plans(for ... ) (為……)制訂計劃


    eg:They made a plan for the use of their time. 他們制訂了一個利用時間的計劃。


    plan還可作動詞,“計劃,打算”,其后可接名詞或動詞不定式作賓語。

    plan to do sth. ?計劃/打算做某事。

    eg:They plan to get there after three.他們計劃3點后到那里。


    4. nothing ?pron. 沒有什么;沒有東西


    eg:There is nothing in the box. 箱子里面什么都沒有。


    nothing是復合不定代詞,作主語時,謂語動詞用單數形式。


    eg:Nothing is easy for him. 對他來說,沒有什么是容易的。


    被形容詞修飾時,形容詞常放在其后,作后置定語。


    eg:There is nothing wrong with the machine. 這機器沒出什么毛病。


    5. alone ?adv. 獨自地;單獨地


    eg: If you don’t want to go alone, I’ll go with you. 如果你不想一個人去,我將和你一起去。


    alone用作副詞,但也可作形容詞,意為“獨自的”。alone只表示“單獨”的客觀狀態,沒有感情色彩。


    eg:He is alone in the room. 他獨自呆在房間里。


    6. look forward to 盼望,期待


    Mary is looking forward to visiting her grandmother. 瑪麗正期待著看望她的奶奶。


    Your mother is looking forward to your letter. 你媽媽正期待著你的來信。


    7. make friends 交朋友


    eg: I don’t see why we shouldn’t make friends. 我不明白為什么我們不應該交朋友。


    8. hope/h??p/ v. 希望


    eg: I hope you are better. 我希望你好些了。


    hope to do sth. 意為“希望做某事”,而wish可用于固定結構wish sb. to do sth. 中,表示“希望某人做某事”。


    eg:My brother hopes to go to school by bike.我的弟弟希望騎自行車上學。


    What do you wish me to do?你想要我做什么?


    9. win v.(won, won)贏;獲勝


    eg: I won the match. 我贏了這場比賽。



    10. enjoy oneself 過得愉快


    eg: Tom enjoys himself at school every day . 湯姆每天都在學校過得很愉快。


    enjoy oneself,它的同義短語:have a good time玩得開心,have fun玩得高興。


    eg:He enjoys himself in China .

    = He has a good time in China .

    = He has fun in China.

    他在中國玩得很開心。


    11. Its time for... ?到……的時候了。


    eg:It’s time for class. 到上課的時間了。



    兩者相互轉換eg:It’s time to have breakfast . = It’s time for breakfast. 到了吃早飯的時間了。


    知識點四:語法歸納


    一般將來時:be going to


    用法:be going to表示將要發生的事或打算、計劃要做某事。它是一般將來時的一種表達形式,其后常有表示將來的時間狀語,如tomorrow,next week 等。構成:be going to+動詞原形。在be going to結構中,be隨主語人稱和數的變化而變化,而going to固定不變,“to”是不定式符號,跟在它后面的動詞必須是動詞原形。


    (1)表示說話人的意圖。指打算、準備做的事情。


    ?eg:She is going to write to him. 她將要給他寫信。


    (2)表示說話人的推測。指即將發生或肯定要發生的事情。常用于be sure, be afraid, believe, think后。


    eg:I think it is going to snow. 我認為天就要下雪了。


    句型結構:



    Module4 Life in the future


    知識點一:重點短語


    1. in?the?future?在將來?? ? ? ? ? ??

    2. in?twenty?years’time在二十年后

    3.use?sth?to?do?sth??使用...做某事

    4.on?the?Internet?在網上

    5.by?Internet?通過網絡?????????????????

    6.answer?one’s?question?回答某人的問題

    7.need?to?do?sth?需要做某事????????????

    8.come?true?實現

    9.not?only...?but?(also)... 不僅...而且...

    10.in?the?air?在空中

    11.long?holidays??長假

    12.traffic?jam?交通堵塞

    13.?have?to?不得不

    14.on?farms?在農場里

    15.play?with…和…一起玩

    16.new?ways?to?travel?旅行的新方式


    知識點二:重點句型


    1. Will schools be different in the future? 未來的學校會不一樣嗎? 2. In twenty years time, maybe there won’t be any schools!?也許二十年后就沒有學校了!?

    3. Everyone will study at home. 每個人都會在家學習。?

    4. Students will use computers and get information on the Internet.?學生們將會使用電腦,并且從網上獲取信息。?

    5. They can ask their teachers by Internet, telephone or email.?他們可以通過上網、打電話或發郵件問老師問題。?

    6. And teachers can check the students’ level and will help them. ?而且老師也可以檢查學生們的學習水平,并幫助他們。

    7. Computers won’t do that. 電腦可做不了。?

    8. Teachers won’t use on a blackboard and students won’t use pens and paper, or erasers any more.??老師們將不會再用粉筆在黑板上寫字,學生們也不會再用鋼筆、紙張或橡皮了。?

    9. Will students have a lot of homework to do???那學生們還會有很多作業要做嗎??

    10. They’ll have a lot of free time!? 他們會有很多空閑時間!?

    11 .That’ll be great!? 那太棒了。?

    12. What will life be like in the future?? 未來的生活會怎樣??

    13. How will things change?? 將會發生怎樣的變化??

    14. Here are some ideas. Which ones will come true???這里有一些想法。其中哪些會成現實呢??

    15. In the future, a change of weather won’t mean a change of clothes.??未來,天氣的變化不一定意味著更換衣服。?

    16. They’ll be warm when we’re cold, and cool when we’re hot.??當我們覺得冷的時候他就會變暖和,當我們感覺熱的時候他就會變涼爽。?

    17. There’ll be no more light rain and cold wind in spring.? 在春天,不再有小雨和寒風。?

    18. The sea level will rise as well.? 海平面也會升高。?

    19. We won’t travel by bus or bike any more.??我們將不會再乘公共汽車或騎自行車去旅行。?

    20. It’ll be cheap to travel everywhere by plane, not only over land, but also over the sea or even into space.??坐飛機旅行將會變得非常便宜,不僅可以在陸地上空飛行,而且還可以飛到海上甚至進入太空。?

    21. Maybe there’ll be traffic jams in the air.??也許空中會出現交通堵塞呢。?

    22. Working hours will be short so people will have long holidays.??工作時間將會很短,因此人們將會擁有很長的假期。


    知識點重點單詞/短語用法


    1. in twenty yearstime 20年后


    twenty years’time也可以說成twenty years。


    “in+一段時間”表示“一段時間之后”,常用在一般將來時中,用how soon來提問。


    eg:I will finish the poster for the party in two days. 兩天后我將完成聚會用的海報。


    ----How soon will he come back from Beijing??他什么時候將從北京回來?

    ----In two weeks. 兩周之后。


    in 和after表示時間的區別:



    2. maybe??adv. 也許


    eg:Maybe there is something wrong with the machine. 也許是機器出了故障。


    辨析maybe與may be:


    She may be right, and maybe she knows how to solve the problem.

    她可能是對的,或許她知道如何解決這個問題。


    3. ask??v. 詢問;問


    可以接雙賓語, 即ask sb . sth . 詢問某人某事。

    ask for sth . 請求,懇求(給予)某物。


    eg:He asked me a question, but I didn’t answer. 他問了我一個問題,但我沒有回答。


    Many students ask for advice about learning English. 許多學生尋求關于學習英語的建議。


    后接不定式結構,ask sb. to do sth. 表示“要求某人做某事”;ask sb. not to do sth. 表示“要求某人不要做某事”。


    eg:She asked me to post some letters for her. 她叫我為她寄幾封信。

    The teacher asks me not to be late for school again. 老師叫我上學不要再遲到了。


    4. by??prep. 用;靠;乘(交通工具)


    eg:I want to go to Shanghai by plane. 我想乘飛機去上海。


    by后接名詞或動名詞,其用法總結如下:


    5. able??adj. 能夠……的


    eg: He is an able manager. 他是位有才能的經理。


    表示“有能力的”、“能干的”,可用作表語或定語。“be able to do sth. ”表示“能夠做某事”。其否定形式為“be ?unable to do sth. ”不能夠做某事。


    eg:My mother is able to do it well.我媽媽能把這件事做好。


    辨析be able to與can:



    6. not ... any more 不再……


    eg:He doesn’t cry any more. 他不再哭了。


    辨析not ... any more與not ... any ?longer:



    7. free??adj. (時間)空閑的;空余的


    eg:Are you free tonight? 今晚你有空嗎?


    free作“空閑的”講時,其反義詞為busy“忙碌的”。free time業余時間,同義短語為spare time。


    eg:I’m free now. =I have time now. 現在我閑著。


    8. like??prep. 像


    eg:It looks like a cat. 它看上去像一只貓。


    like的常用句式為What be +sb. /sth. like?How be sb. /sth. 兩者可相互轉換。


    eg:What’s the weather like in Hefei now?

    =How is the weather in Hefei now? 現在合肥的天氣怎么樣?


    like作介詞時,不能單獨作謂語,常與be,look等連用。其區別如下:



    區別一下幾組like的句子:

    What?will?life?be?like?in?the?future??未來生活是什么樣的?

    What?does?he?like??他喜歡什么????He?likes?swimming.

    What?does?he?look?like???他長什么樣?He?is?tall.

    What?is?he?like???他性格怎樣???He?is?very?shy.


    9. a new kind of 一種新的……


    eg: This is a new kind of style . 這是一種新的款式。


    與kind的相關短語:



    10. rise ?vi. 升起,上升


    eg:Smoke rises from the chimney. 煙從煙囪中升起。


    rise為不及物動詞,表示主語自身移向較高的位置,如太陽的升起,河水水位上漲等。


    eg: The river is rising. ?河水正在上漲。


    raise也有提起,抬起,使升高之義,但是表示人為的升高,如升旗、舉手等,后面跟賓語。


    eg:Please raise your hand when you know the answer. 你知道答案就請舉手。


    11. as well 也,還,又


    eg: He likes English as well. 他也喜歡英語。


    as well用于肯定句句尾,其前不加逗號,在口語中常見。


    eg:They have four classes as well. 他們也有四節課。


    12. It+be+adj .+to do sth. ?做某事是……的。


    在這個句型中,It為形式主語,真正的主語是后面的動詞不定式(短語)。


    eg:It’s hard to see at the back.在后面很難看見。


    辨析It’s+adj. +for sb. to do sth. 與It’s adj. +of sb. to do sth. :



    13. not only?but also…?不但……而且……


    not only …but also…側重于強調后者,它可以連接兩個并列的成分,甚至連接兩個句子。當連接兩個并列主語時,謂語動詞的單復數采取“就近原則”。其中also可以省略。


    eg:Lucy not only plays well, but also writes music. 露西不但演奏得好,而且還作曲。


    Not only you but also she needs this chance. 不但你而且她也需要這次機會。


    14. have to 必須;不得不


    eg:He has to finish the work. 他必須完成這項工作。


    辨析 have to與must:



    15. send sth.to sb. 發送某物給某人


    send sth. to sb. 相當于send sb. sth. ?其中send作動詞時,還可意為“派遣,打發”。


    eg:I’ll send some photos to Mary. = I’ll send Mary some photos. 我將要寄給瑪麗一些照片。


    與send有關的詞組:



    知識點四:語法歸納


    一般將來時:will +動詞原形


    “will +動詞原形”是一般將來時最常見的形式,它表示單純的將來,不表示計劃、打算,可以用于各種人稱。



    注意:

    be going to 側重經過事先考慮過的意圖、計劃、打算等,或指有跡象表明某事即將發生或肯定發生。


    will構成的一般將來時的句型結構:


    一般將來時常用的時間狀語:tomorrow明天,the day after tomorrow后天,soon不久,next week/Monday/.../Sunday/month/year?下周/周一/……/周日/個月/一年,?in two days/weeks/...兩天/周/……后


    Module5 Shopping?


    知識點一:重點短語


    1. on Mother's Day 在母親節???
    2. what colour 什么顏色?
    3. what about... …怎么樣???
    4. try on 試穿?????
    5. look at 看……?????
    6. too much 太多???????
    7. wait a minute 等一等??????????
    8. half price 半價?????
    9. pay for 支付?
    10. on the Internet 在因特網上
    11. a few days later 幾天之后
    12. the price of... 的價格
    13. one day 某一天
    14. at any time 在任何時候


    知識點一:重點句型


    1. What can I do for you? ?我能幫你做些什么??

    2. I'd like to buy a T-shirt for my mum.? 想為我媽媽買件T恤衫。?

    3. Can I help you? ?我能幫你嗎??

    4. There's a sale on today. Everything is half price.??今天有打折活動,所有東西都是五折。?

    5. What colour does she like? ?她喜歡什么顏色??

    6. What size does she take? ?她穿多大碼??

    7. ---May I try it on? ---Certainly.? ---我能試穿一下嗎?---當然可以。?

    8. I'll take it.? 我買它了!?

    9. I'd like some sausages. ?我想買些香腸。?

    10. How much are they? ?多少錢??

    11. What else would you like? ?你還想要些什么??

    12. Here's fifty-nine yuan. ?這是59元。?

    13. There are many new ways of shopping, and online shopping is one of them.??現在有很多種新型的購物方式,而網上購物就是其中一種。?

    14. Then you receive it a few days later by post.??幾天后你就會通過郵寄的方式收到它(你買的物品)。?

    15. Online shopping has several advantages. ?First, ...Second, …Third, …? 網上購物有幾個優點。首先,......其次,...... ?再次,......

    16. Shopping usually takes a lot of time.? 去實體店購物通常需要花很多時間。?

    17. But to shop on the Internet you only need a computer and a mouse!??但是在網上購物,你只需要一臺電腦和一個鼠標。?

    18. But many people like going out and shopping with friends.? 但是許多人喜歡和朋友一起外出逛街購物。?

    19. Also paying over the Internet isn't always safe.??而且網上付款也并不總是安全的。?

    20. Online shopping is changing our way of life.??網上購物正在改變我們的生活方式。?

    21. One day no one will go to the shops any more, because you'll be able to buy anything on the Internet, and you will be able to receive it anywhere in the world at any time!??有一天將沒有人再去商店購物,因為你能在網上買到任何東西,并且在全世界的各個地方和任何時間你都可以收到商品。


    知識點重點單詞/短語解釋


    1. What can I do for you?需要幫忙嗎?


    此句多用于售貨員或服務員對顧客的招呼語。還可以表達為:Can/May I help you?意為“我可以為您效勞嗎?”。回答時可用: “I'd like to buy.../I want to buy.../I'm looking for...”。


    eg:—What can I do for you, sir? 先生,需要幫忙嗎?

    —I want to buy a shirt. 我想買一件襯衫。


    2. try???v. 嘗試


    常和介詞on搭配使用,構成短語try on,表示“試穿”。試穿的對象是名詞時,名詞放在try on后面和之間均可;try on的賓語是代詞時,代詞要放在try on之間。


    eg:He is trying on the shoes. 他正在試穿鞋子。

    Please try them on. 請試穿一下它們。


    辨析 try to do與try doing


    3.?price??n.價格,價錢


    eg:She sold the house at a high price. 她以高價賣了那所房子。


    詢問價格用What's the price of...?,可以和How much is/are...?換用。


    eg:What's the price of the house?= How much is the house??那所房子多少錢?


    注意:表示價格高低用high或low,不能用expensive和cheap。


    eg:The price of the computer is very high. 這臺電腦的價格很高。

    The new car is very expensive.這輛新轎車很昂貴。


    拓展:

    at the price of... 以……的價格

    at a very good price 以一個很好的價錢


    eg:I bought it at the price of 50 yuan. 我以50元的價格買到它。

    You can buy this book at a very good price. 你能以很好的價錢買到這本書。


    4. sale ?n. 降價出售;銷售;拍賣


    與sale有關詞組:


    5. How much are they? 它們多少錢?


    在詢問價格時,若句子的主語是單數可數名詞或不可數名詞,用“How much is...?”;若句子的主語是可數名詞復數形式,用“How much are...?”;回答時,前者用“It's +價格.”,后者用“They're +價格.”或直接用具體價格來回答。


    eg:—How much is the dictionary? 這本字典多少錢?

    —(It's) 88 yuan. (它是)88元。


    辨析how much與how many


    6. pay? v. 支付;付錢


    辨析pay與take


    eg:This food is free. You don't have to?pay for it.?這個食物是免費的。你沒有必要付款。

    It takes me two hours to finish the work every day.?每天我花兩個小時完成這項工作。


    7. receive? v. 收到;接到


    eg:She often receives many presents on her birthday. 在她的生日,她經常收到許多禮物。


    receive a letter from=get a letter from=hear from:收到……的來信


    eg:He never receives a letter from his first friend. ?他從未收到第一個朋友的來信。


    8. a few 一些


    辨析 a few,few,a little與little


    9. compare??v. 比較


    eg:He had compared the two chairs before he decided?which one to buy.?他比較了那兩把椅子后,才決定買哪一把。


    compare 為及物動詞,其用法如下:


    compare A with/to B? 比較A與B

    compare A to B? 把 A比作B


    10. one??pron. (同一群人或物中的)一個


    eg:I don't like this pen. I like that one. 我不喜歡這支鋼筆,我喜歡那支。


    one 通常用來代替上文中出現過的事物名稱,指代可數名詞單數;如果指代名詞復數,用ones。但it 表示特指,指代前面提到過的“同一個事物”。


    11. order? v. 訂購


    eg:I want to order a new coat for my grandfather.?我想為我的祖父訂購一件新大衣。


    order作動詞,還可譯為“命令”,常用于order sb.to do sth.結構中,意為“命令某人做事”。


    eg: The boss often orders him to finish the work by nine o'clock.老板經常命令他9點之前完成工作。


    order作名詞,意為“命令;次序;訂購”。


    eg:Please write a list of the children's names in order of age.

    請按年齡順序列一張孩子們姓名的清單。


    知識點四:語法歸納:特殊疑問句


    特殊疑問句用于對不明確的人或事物提問,其句首要用疑問代詞或疑問副詞。回答時要根據實際情況作答,不能用Yes/No來回答。句末多用降調。


    1. 特殊疑問句有兩種語序


    若疑問詞作主語或主語的定語,即對主語或主語的定語提問,其語序是陳述語序:


    疑問詞(+主語)+謂語動詞+其他部分?

    eg:Who is singing in the room??誰在房間里唱歌?


    若疑問詞作其他成分,即對其他成分提問,其語序是:疑問詞+一般疑問句?

    eg:—What is your father? 你父親是干什么的?

    —He's an engineer in a big factory.?他是一個大工廠的工程師。

    How do you know?你怎么知道的?


    2. 特殊疑問詞的用法


    常見的疑問代詞


    常見的疑問副詞


    常見的疑問詞組


    Module6 Around Town?


    知識點一:重點短語


    1. get to ?到達?

    2. on the left ?在左邊?

    3. in front of ?在…的前面?

    4. near here ?在這附近?

    5. the way to ?去…的路?

    6. over there ?在那里?

    7. turn left? 向左轉?

    8. take the underground ?乘地鐵?

    9. get off ?下車?

    10. begin with ?以…開始?

    11. the middle of ?……的中間

    12. from home to school ?從家到學校?

    13. on the map ?在地圖上 ?

    14. on a clear day ?在晴朗的一天?

    15. next to ?緊挨著?

    16. post office ?郵局?

    17. at the cinema ?在電影院?

    18. at the end of the street ?在路的盡頭?

    19. bus stop ?公共汽車站?


    知識點重點句型


    1. Betty and Lingling are standing in front of Tian'anmen Square.??貝蒂和玲玲站在天安門前。?

    2. Can you tell me the way to Wangfujing Dajie???你們可以告訴我去王府井大街的路怎么走嗎??

    3. Could you tell me how to get to the National Stadium?? 你能告訴我去國家體育館怎么走嗎??

    4. Go across Dong Chang’an Jie, go along the street and turn left at the third street on the left.??穿過東長安街,然后沿著馬路一直走,在左邊的第三條馬路向左拐,就到了。?

    5. Is there a bookshop near here?? 這附近有書店嗎? ??

    6. How can I get there?? 怎么才能到達呢??

    7. Why not ask the policeman over there???為什么不問問那邊的警察呢??

    8. Take the Underground to the Olympic Sports Centre, or you can take a bus or a taxi.? 坐地鐵到奧體中心,你也可以坐公共汽車或打車去。?

    9. Have a nice day!? 祝你玩的愉快!?

    10. Welcome to this short tour of London.? 歡迎參加倫敦短程游。 11. We’re standing opposite the National Gallery, a famous museum?with lots of famous paintings.? 我們現在站在國家美術館——一個藏有許多名畫的博物館——的對面。?

    12. The Queen lives there. (英國)女王就住在這里。 ? ? ? ?

    13. It takes you 135 metres above the River Thames.??它能帶你到離泰晤士河對面135米高的地方。?

    14. You can see most of London on a clear day.??在晴朗的日子里,你幾乎能看到倫敦市的全貌。?

    15. When you are tired, the best way to see London is by boat.?當你走累了,最好的地方便是乘船游覽倫敦。?

    16. As you go along the river, the London Eye is on your right.??沿著河行進時,倫敦眼就在你的右面。?

    17. It’s over 900 years old.? 它已有九百多年的歷史。?

    18. After visiting the Tower of London, take the boat back along the river to the railway station.??參觀完倫敦塔之后,乘船沿河回到火車站。?

    19.You’re now back at the square. And this is where we’ll finish our tour.? 你現在回到了(特勒法爾加)廣場,在這里我們將結束我們的倫敦游。


    知識點重點單詞/短語解釋


    1.?go across? 穿過


    eg:Be careful when you?go across?the road. 當你橫過馬路時要小心。



    2.?opposite??prep. 在……的對面


    eg:I live?opposite?the bank.我住在銀行對面。



    3.?take??v. 搭乘;乘坐


    eg:You can?take a taxi?to the zoo. 你可以乘坐出租車去動物園。



    eg:You can take a taxi to the museum.=You can go to the museum by taxi.?你可以坐出租車去博物館。


    4. famous??adj. 著名的


    eg:Liu Huan is a famous singer. 劉歡是一位著名的歌手。



    5. above? prep. 在……之上


    eg:There is a picture above the bookshelf. 在書架上方有一幅畫。


    辨析above, over與on


    6. the best way to do sth. 做某事的最好方法


    eg:This is?the best way to learn?English. 這是學英語的最好方法。


    eg: The farmers thought of the best way to protect their crops.農民們想出了保護莊稼的最好辦法。


    7. next to 在……近旁


    eg:There is a river?next to?my home. 在我家近旁有一條河。


    辨析 next to與near


    8. finish ?v. 結束,完成


    eg:The teaching day finishes at around 4 pm. 一天的教學在下午4點左右結束。


    eg:I?finished reading?the book yesterday. 昨天我把那本書看完了。


    知識點四:語法歸納:介詞


    介詞又稱為前置詞,它不能單獨作句子的成分,必須與名詞、代詞或相當于名詞的其他結構構成介詞短語才能充當句子成分。表示位置關系的介詞叫方位介詞。



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